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Nature

A WEEKLY \ '/ Oe

ILLUSTRATED JOURNAL OF SCIENCE

VOLUME LIII

NOVEMBER 1895 to APRIL 1896

“To the solid ground Of Nature trusts the mind which builds for aye.” —WorDswoRtH

2b

F ondon

MACMILLAN AND CO, Lro. NEW YORK: MACMILLAN AND CO,

he

ey i 6 Bee

ine d’), Mount Wosho, 249; Measurement of Pa ‘Line with Jaderin’s Apparatus, 358

me emamesciancy of Agricultural Apparatus, yes “g Carbonic Acid Gas in Air, 373;

Disease, 42 eyhe Visual ean of Fishes, 503

: of, 44 Ne er oF: R %. ), Colour Vision : being: the tu: ered i in 1894 at the Royal Institution,

WS, C. E, Peek, 557

ipensation of Directing Forces, and Sensi- neter with Moving Coil, 624

_ 61 Cygni, the, Dr. Belopohiky, 448

New York, Annual Exhibition of, 543

‘Lamp, 475

Trouye’s Calcium Carbide, 226 *hotometric Standard, J. Violle, 288 ry 0: Luminosity, V. B. Lewes, 357 Permeability to eeotges Rays, 479 ; Opacity of ; Substances to Réntgen Rays, 616 h isposal of, by Rooks, ieinesit Reid, 6 : erial or Subterranean Sounds; Prof. R. fs 5 C. Davison, 4; Dr. W. T. Blanford, an den Broeck, 30; Prof. T. M. Hughes, cab Sounds, C. Tomlinson, 78, 197, _ OReilly, 1o1; W. F. Ganong, 101 ; A ts a Strangways, 130; Rev. W.

198; William Stoney, 198; oth 414, 605; Thos. Delprat, ag ag . S. Olcott, 130; D. G. F. iS Beott; 197; Col. H. H. Godwin-Austen, 47 | e De La Touche, 248; Hy. Harries, 295 ; eee #206; D. -J. Scourfield, 296; W. G Hes H. Robinson, 487 ; How to Find 8 ums, E. Cutter, 262 ; Resultant Tones, Prof. 0; Lecture Experiment onthe Nodes of a ‘ee Sensitive Flames, E. Bouty, 407; aif Konig, 453; Communications. on . endrick, 454 . Porter, 316; W. Saunders, 316 ;

Lord 1 Uw 340; A. A, €. Swinton,

ponity, IOI Wel “a Réntgen Rays, 421 as’ n of Orkney Lepidoptera, 70 or Siktananenn Sounds, Curious, Prof. R. Meldola, F.RS., 4; C. Davison, 4; Dr. W. T. Blanford, F.R.S., 30; on oe Broeck, 30; Prof. T. McKenny Hughes,

a ; Harwood Brierley, 230

utics : Lieut. B. Baden Powell’s 7's Car or Man-lifting 116; Summary of Results of Forty-seven German

Balloon Ascents, Dr. Assmann, 136 ;

;

ht and Flying Ma- ie G. H. Bryan, F.R.S., 420; Geographical Use of A. Berson, 446 ; Balloon ‘Voyages from the Meteor-

int of view, Prof. von Bezold, 503 Death of : > Fariot, 51

e MacCullagh s Theory of the, Dr. J. Larmor, F.R.S., 5 “Affiliated Scientific Societies, Meetings of, in America, 307

| Africa : the New Rubber Industry in "Lagos, 13; Current x s, 62; Scientific Deseription of German Colonies, 89; Dr. A. D. Smith’s Lake Rudolph Expedition, 107, 226 ; "Miss Kingsley’s West Coast Journey, 107; the Austrian

INDEX

Red Sea Expedition, Dr. J. Hann, 134; the Arrow poison of the Namaqualand Bushmen, 227 ; Mount Wosho, Antoine d’ Abbadie, 249; Effect of African Grass- fires on Vegetation, Mr. Scott-Elliot, 444; Mr. J. E. S. Moore’s Expedition to Lake Tanganyika, 470; New Wild Dog from Western Mata- beleland, Dr. Lev, Lorenz; 492; Mr. Elliot’s. Somaliland Expedition, 542; the Paleolithic Stone Age in Somaliland, H. W. Seton Karr, 544; Meteorological Observations at

- Boroma (Zambesi), 573

Agamennone (Dr. G.), the Paramythea Earthquake of May 13-14, 1895, 205

Agassiz (Prof. A.), Underground Temperature at Great Depths, 161 ; Cactaceze in the Galapagos Islands, 399

Agassiz (Louis), Life, Letters, and Works of, Jules Marcou,

rof. T. G. Bonney, F.R.S., 529

hae. of the Wealden, the, Prof, O. C. Marsh, 436; A. C. Seward, 462

Agriculture : New Ten-Cow Milking Machine, 35; the 1895 Diminution of British Wheat Area, 35; Possible Reclamation of Dordogne Heath-lands by Lime Phosphatic Manure, Raoul Bouilhac, 48; Influence of. Weather on Sugar-beet Growth, Dr. Kassner, 72; the Efficiency of Agricultural Apparatus, Prof. Cleveland Abbe, 88; the Common Crow a Farmer’s Friend, Prof. W. B. Barrow, E. A. Schwarz, Hart Merriam, 88 ; Death and Obituary Notice of Prof. A. P. Kostycher, 160 ; Cattle poisoned by Indian Corn Stalks, 255; Circula- tion of Air in Soil, P. P. Dehérain and Demoussy, ais Irrigation in America, W. E. Smythe, 428 ; Board Report on Swine Fever, 518; ‘‘ Bogus Land” in Indiana, H. A. Huston, 545; Fallow Ground, P. P. Dehérain, 599

Ahlborn (Dr. F. ), the Use and Meaning of Asymmetrical Types of Tail-fin in Fishes, 327

_ Aikman (C. M.), Milk, its Nature and Ceiniptetiion, IOI Air, Liquefaction of, and Research at Low Temperatures, Prof.

J.. Dewar, F. R.S., 329 ; the New Process for the Liquefac- tion of Air and “other Gases, 515; the Part played by Carbonic Acid Gas in Air, Prof. Abbe, 373 ; the Distribution of Carbon Dioxide in, 374; the Temperature of Air, and the Problem of an Ice Age, Luigi de Marchi, 376

Alaska, Discovery by Prof. W. H. Dall of Frozen Mammoth Fat and Ice-bear in, 160; Botany of Yakutat Bay, F. V. Coville, 327

Albinos, the Deafness of Imperfect, Dr. Rawitz, 576

Albrech (Prof. ), the gh ete: of the Terrestrial Pole during the Years 1890-95, 40.

er the Great, the Life and Exploits of, E. A. Wallis Budge

ge, 483 Algebra, Elementary, J. W. Welsford and E. H. P. Mayo, 267 _ Algebra sa Quantics, an Introduction to the, E. B. Elliott,

«R.S., 147 Algol T pe, New Variable Star of the, 206 Algol Variable, Wells’, 403 Allantoic Placenta, Marsupial with an, Prof. G. B. Howes,

270° Allen (A. H.), Improved Method of determining Urea by

Hypobromite Process, 406 Allen (Grant), Moorland Taylls, 486 Allen (Dr. Harrison), the Use of the Cranio-facial Line, 502 Aloi (Prof. A.), Influence of Electricity on Vegetation, 179 Alps, the, from End to End, Sir W. M. Conway, 193 Altels Glacier, the Fall of the, September 11, 1895, Dr. Léon Du Pasquier, 317 Aluminium, the Manufacture of, by Electrolysis, 380 Amagat (E. H.), Variations in Ratio of Two Specific Heats of Gases, 288

B

vi Lndex

& upplement to Nature, June 11, 1896

Amateur Cloud Photography, M. Angot, 230

America: Bulletin of American Mathematical Society, 69, 238, 357, 498, 549; American Meteorological Journal, 23, 94, 238, 309, 497, 550; American Journal of Science, 23, 190, 262, 286, 452, 573; Typhoid Fever Epidemics in America, Mrs. Percy Frankland, 38; Meetings of Affiliated Scientific Societies in, 307 ; American Journal of Mathematics, 381 ; Irrigation in America, W. E. Smythe, 428 ; Severe Frost in North America, 526

Amsterdam Academy of Sciences, 48, 216, 359, 552

Anagram on Pthecanthropus, an, 247

Anatomy: Death of Dr. Teichmann, 160, 252 ; Death of Prof. A. von Brunn, 203; Death of Prof. Sappey, 492; Dorsal Muscles of Hand, Dr. D. Hepburn, 501 ; an Excel- lent View of the Retinal Circulation, James W. Barrett, 510; the Retinal Circulation, George J. Burch, 558 ; Comparative Anatomy, the Supra-renal Bodies in Fishes, Swale Vincent, 142; Lung Suppression in Amphisbeenidze, &c., Gerard W. Butler, 142 ; the Buccal Glands and Teeth of certain Poisonous Snakes, G. S. West, 143

Andrews (E. R.), Alkaline Reduction of Metanitraniline, 214

Anemometer, Improved, G. Guglielmo, 161

Aneroid, the Counter-twisted Curl, Carl Barus, 452

Aneurism cured by Injection of Zinc Chloride Solution, M. Lannelongue, 263

Angot (Alfred), Double Diurnal Humidity due to Sea Breezes, 24

Angot (M.), Amateur Cloud Photography, 230

Animalium, a New Synopsis, Das Tierreich, 541

Ant-Eater, the Spiny, M. F. Woodward, 599 ;

Antarctica: the Proposed German South Polar Expedition, 11, 61; Borchgrevink’s Voyage in the Aztarctic, A. W. Greely, 232; the Former Northward Extension of the Antarctic Continent, Frank Beddard, F.R.S., 129 ; Theo. Gill, 366

Anthropology: Professional Institutions, Herbert Spencer, vii. the Teacher, 116; viii. the Sculptor, 331; ix. the Painter, 428; x. the Professions generally, 548; Pithecan- thropus erectus, and the Evolution of the Human Race, Prof. W. J. Sollas, F.R.S., 150; the Place of Pithecan- thropus in the Genealogical Tree, Dr. Eug. Dubois, 245 ; Prof. D. J. Cunningham, F.R.S., 296; Quatenary Deer of Bagnéres de Bigorre, Edward Harlé, 213; Age of Metals in Ukraine, Baron de Baye, 213 ; Tumuli and Worked Flints of Somali and Danakil, Dr. Jousseaume, 213; L’ Anthropologie, 213, 498 ; Ethnische Elementargedanken in der Lehre vom Menschen, A. Bastian, E. Sidney Hartland, 291; the Be- ginnings of Writing, Walter James Hoffman, 338 : Children’s Drawings, 366 ; Rina Scott, 391; Hiram M. Stanley, 510; Customs of the Huzulen, Dr. R. F. Kaindl, 373; Death of Abel Hovelacque, 399 ; Vampirism in United States, G. R. Stetson, 401; the Sacred Tree at Kum-Bum, W. T. Thiselton-Dyer, F.R.S., 412, 556; A Grigoriev, 534; the Mediterranean Peoples, Prof. Sergi, 422; the Kekchi Indians of Guatemala, Dr. C. Sapper, 446; Researches on Brain- Weights of Copenhagen Lunatics, F. Meyer and P. Heiberg, 498; Marriage among Marquesans, Dr. Tautain, 498; the use of the Craniofacial Line, Dr. D. G. Brinton, 502 ; Dr. Harrison Allen, 502 ; Evidences of Palzolithic Age in Somaliland, H. W. Seton-Karr, 544; a New Human Skull of a Low Type from Brazil, Prof. A. Nehring, Prof. A. C. Haddon, 548; Ethnology, A. H. Keane, Prof. A. C. ree 577 ; Death and Obituary Notice of Prof. Bogdanoff,

Oscillation of Relative

504 Anthropometric Research in India, Dr. John Beddoe, F.R.S.,

37 Anthropometry : Family Data, Prof. Karl Pearson, 557 Antitoxin Treatment of Diphtheria, Results of, Dr. Welch, 36 Antitoxin in Diphtheria, Report on the Use of, 524 Antitoxin of Snake-Poison, the Discovery of the, Prof. E. Ray Lankester, F.R.S., 128, 175; Prof. J. R. Fraser, F.R.S.,

150

Antivenene, Immunisation against Serpents’ Venom, and Treat- ment of Snake-Bite with, Prof. Thomas R. Fraser, F.R.S., 569, 592

Antwerp Meteorological Congress, 182

oe (O.V.) Natural History of Selborne, Gilbert White, 12

Apolant (Dr.), the Ciliary Ganglion, 408 Appalachian Gold Fields, Southern, G. F. Becker, 227 Appert (L.), Role of Alumina in Glass-composition, 503

Appleyard (R.), Action of Sulphur Vapour on Copper, a Direct-reading Platinum Thermometer, 95. Appleyard (J. R.), Transformation of Alkyl-Ammonium Cyanates into Corresponding Ureas, 357 a Appleyard (Mr.), the Adjustment of the Kelvin Bridge, 623. Apus, Male of, Dr. W. B. Benham, 175 3 a Aquilz, the Spectrum of, M. Deslandres, 38 oe Arachnid: Descriptive Catalogue of the Spiders of Burma, Dr. T. Thorell, 122 he Archeology: the Kasan Museum, 12; Pagan Ireland, Col. W. G. Wood-Martin, 82; the Phile Excavations, 420; Death of J, P. N. da Silva, 609 Archdeacon (W. H.), Action of Sodium Alcoholate on Aromatic Amides, 357 3 Archegoniate Series of Cryptogams, the, Prof. D. H. Campbell, j

194 Archenhold (F. S.), Photograph of Lightning-flash, 215; an Exhibition of Astronomical Photographs, 565 F Archenholz (Mr.), Le Bon’s ‘‘ Black Light,” merely a false light, 600 | Architecture, Naval: Institution of Naval Architects, 520; Watertight Doors, Lord Charles Beresford, 520; Causes of Fractures in Marine Steel as revealed by Microscope, A. E. ~ Seaton, Prof. J. O. Arnold, 520; Chemical Measurements of Lead and Water, C. E. Stromeyer, 521; Circulation in Water-tube Boilers, Prof. W. H. Watkinson, 521 Arcidiacono (S.). the Syracuse Earthquake of April 13, 1895, _

495 Arcimis (Augusto), the Great Madrid Meteor, 395, 423 7 Arctica : Monument to Dr. John Rae, 203 ; the Russian Novaya Zemlya Geological Expedition, 325 ; Rumoured Attainment of North Pole by Dr. Nansen, 372, 400, 420; Meteorological ~ Observations in Isle of Denmark, Scoresby Sound, C. Ryder,

545 i

Arequipa Observatory, Diurnal Variations of Atmospheric Pres- sure at, Prof. S. I. Bailey, 493 3 ;

Argon: the Estimation of, Th. Schloesing, jun., 24; Argon probably a Mixture, E. A. Hill, 190; Mineral Water Gases tested for Argon, Alexander Kellas and Prof. William Ram- say, F.R.S., 191; Percentage in Atmospheric and Respired Air, Alexander Kellas, 191; Behaviour of a. under Electric Discharge, Dr. J. N. Collie and Prof. W. Ramsay, F.R.S., 478; Expansion of Argon and of Helium as com- pared with that of Air and of Hydrogen, Drs. J. P. Kuenen and W. W. Randall, 213; Argon and Helium, Lord Kelvin, 113; Argon and Helium in certain Waters, L. Troost and L. Ouvrard, 144 s

Aristodesmus Riitimeyert, H. G. Seeley, F.R.S., 239

Arithmetic: L’Arithmétique Amusante, Edouard Lucas, 1; William Lucas, 79; Prof. G. B. Mathews, 79; Traité d’Arith- métique, C.-A. Laisant et E. Lemoine, 1 ; Graphic Arithmetic, H. D. Ellis, 411

Armstrong (Dr. H. E., F.R.S.), the Royal Commission on Secondary Education, 79; 2 : 1 B-Naphthylaminesulphoni Acid and Corresponding Chloronaphthalenesulphonic Acid, 310; Disulphonic Acids obtained by par i, 2 3-a- Naphthylamine and 1 3-a-Chloronaphthalene-Sulphonic Acids, 311; the Yellow Colour of 2 : 3-Hydroxynaphthoic Acid, 454; Etherification, 454; Conditions of Inversion in Asymmetric Compounds, 454 5

Arnold (Prof. J. O.), Influence of Carbon on Iron, 141 ; Causes of Fractures in Marine Steel as revealed by Microscope,

20

den (L.), the Electric Arc, 430

Arrow-Poison of the Namaqualand Bushmen, the, 227

Arsonval (M. d’), Action of High Frequency Currents on Bac- terial Toxines, 383; Photography through Opaque Bodies,

4 : \ A tevolution in, Alfred C. Haddon, E. Sidney Hartland, 169 Arthur (Mr.), Bacteriosis of Carnations, 585 : Artificial Colouring Matters, Traité des Matiéres Colorantes ©

organiques artificielles, Léon Lefévre, Prof. R. Meldola,

F.R.S., .603° :

Artificial Conditions, the Development of Butterflies under, 540 Aschkinass (E.), Change of Resistance due to Electric Radia-

tion, 526 Aseptolin, the New Remedy for Consumption, 609 Asher (Herr), Electrical Changes in CEsophagus during Degluti-

tion, 576 Aspergillus Wentit, Dr. C. Wehmer, 564

» to Nature) «Tune ‘1, 1896

Index

Vii

(Dr.), Summary of Results of Forty-seven German m Ascents, 136

Gibbosa, Development of, E. W. MacBride, 334

x Alpine Nickel- -bearing Serpentine with Fulgurites,

Astronomical Column, 15, 38, 62, 90, 109, 138, 206, 229, 255, 280. 305, 328, 351, 376, 403, 424, 495, 519, 545, 565, 587, 612; Stars with Bright

tk Hydrogen Lines, Prof. Campbell, 15 ; Parallaxes le r Systems, 15; S = a Parallax, 16; Great Astro- n Sit Robert S. Ball, F.R.S., 29; the Planet Jupiter, ‘. . Denning, 333 oes of Jupiter, Stanley Williams, 2 Velocity of Jupiter, Dr. Belopolsky, 280; the ee of Jupiter, Prof. Barnard, 4 95 3 ; Jupiter and his of Rotation, an Surface Drift of Jupiter, Stanley : the trum of a Aquile, M. Deslandres, _Temperature Po the Sun, Dr. Paschen, 38; the Star OF ‘285, Dr. See, 38; the Double Star 70 chi, Dr. See, 305 ; the Measurement of Double Stars terference, Karl Schwarzschild, 496; Variability of tars, Dr. A. Brester, 38, 248 ; Short- Period Variability, apacests, 162; Variable Star Clusters, 91 ; a Peculiar 8 Mr. Chandler, 109 ; New Variable Star of the , 206; Variable Stars of § Cephei Class, J. er, F.RS., 262; Wells’ Algol Variable, 403 ; y. Variable Stars, Mrs. Fleming, Prof. Pickering, 519; a Nebula, Prof. Barnard, 255; Variable Star luster: Dr. Belopolsky, 474; the November Meteors, W. . Denning » 543 a Remarkable Daylight Meteor, J. Lloyd ozward ; a Bright Meteor, R. Sheward, 78; a Meteor : tograph, 131 ; the Great Madrid Meteor, Augusto Arcimis, a ands: & ew Comet discovered by Mr. Perrine, 62 ; errine’s ee (1895), 90, 109, 138, 162, 280, 403, 447; y ; Comet Perrine-Lamp, 403, 448; Dr. Lamp, “Lunt, 519; Mr. Shackleton, 545; the New

a Nebula, Prof. Barnard, 62; Number of Nebule, D r, 62 ; a New Star in the Constellation Carina, 63; Planet. Venus, 367; Spot on Venus and her Rotation M. ogee nap 70; the Rotation Period of Venus,

3 the Rotation Period of Venus, Maxwell _ Hall, ‘ew Comet discovered by Mr. Brooks, 90; _ Comet Bro (1805) 180 ; Comet Brooks, 162 ; Comet Mag- nitudes, Dr. ; 93; Positions of the ‘New Comets,

9; Swift's Comet (1895), 11, 109; Comet Swift, 587; capo (1896), Dr. R. Schorr, Mr. Shackleton, 612; x ae aasoleg 109 ; the Dimensions of Saturn, « 424; the Spots on Saturn, Mr. Stanley Wil- , 474; the New Comets, 138; the Great Comet of 1843,

vk ah 9, 1896) Expedition, 159; Apparatus for cb- Conditions of Total Solar Eclipse for

hotography of Coronal Prominences, M. ; the Varangerfjord Region and the forthcoming , Dr. Hans Reusch, 417 ; a New Observatory,

St of sere Planets, Dr. Max Wolf, 162 ;

» M. Charlois, 306 ; Orbits and sol 180; the Astronomical » of oe Glacial Period, Prof. G. H. Darwin, F.R.S., ; Dr. Alfred Wallace, F.R.S., 317; Sir Henry H. oworth, F.R.S., 240; the Astronomical Theory of the Ice ze, Edw. P. 5 aes 269 ; the Cause of an Ice Age, Sir ert S. , F.R.S., 388; Theodore Ryland, 389; Dr. ’s Two De on the Ice Age, Sir Henry H. Howorth, S., 460; Obituary Notice of Dr. John Russell Hind, R.S., W. E. Plummer, 201 ; the Parallax of a Centauri,

W. Roberts, 206; Orbit ofa Centauri, Dr. Doberck, 1; Celestial Photography by Simple Means, Prof. Bar- rc Scag ; the Constant of Nutation, Dr. Chandler, 229 ;

_of Comets’ Tails, 306; a New Australian Observa- ys 280 ; the Sun’s Path in Space, G. C. Bompas, 280 ; t of Spots on the Sun’s Diameter, J. Sykora, 352 ; Two 2m: ble Solar Prominences, Father Fenyi, 495; an usual Solar Halo, William J. S. Lockyer, 509 ; the Sun’s

W. Stratonoff, 566 ; Popular Telescopic Astronomy, Fowler, 315; Magnetic ‘Influence of the Planets, Prof. Arthur Schuster, F.R.S., 318; the Story of Helium, Prof. Beane Ca epee F. RS., 319, 3423 the Astrophoto-

e, 3515 : bara in February, 328; Astro- ds, eproduction of Astronomical ora ig 329; rier met, Prof. Barnard, 329;

Kreutz, 138; Nebulosities around the pene, 138; the.

Comets of Short Period, W. E. Plummer, 351; the Surface of Mars, Prof. Barnard, 424; the Eclipsoscope, C. V Zenger, 424; Australian Longitudes, P. Baracchi, 424; a New Comet, 376; the Zodiacal Light, E. Marchand, 376 ; Cassegrain and Gregorian Reflectors, Prof. Schaeberle, 403; the Shifting of Spectral Lines, J. Norman Lockyer, F.R.S., 415; Computation of the Times of Solar Eclipses and Occultations, L. Cruls, 474; Orbit of 8 Cephei, Dr. Belo- polsky, 448; Absolute Velocity of, 61 Cygni, Dr. Belopol- sky, 448; 0 Ceti, 255; Stellar Velocities with Objective Prism, M. Deslandres, 255; Claudius Ptolemy and _ his Works, W. T. Lynn, 488; the Yerkes Observatory, 495 ; the Proper Motion of 8 Tauri, Dr. Fritz Cohen, 495 ; Search Ephemeris for Comet 1889 V, Dr. Bauschinger, 520; the Royal Observatory at Edinburgh, 545, 605; Death and Obituary Notice of Charles Chambers, F.R.S., 561; Mira Ceti, M. Dumenil, 565; the Spectrum of Mira, Prof. Wilsing, 612; an Exhibition of Astronomical Photographs, F. S. Archenhold, 565; Astronomical and Physical Society of Toronto, 587; Uranus and its Satellites, Prof. Barnard, 587 ; the Influence of Atmospheric and Oceanic Currents upon Terrestrial Latitudes, Prof. Simon Newcomb, F.R.S., 618

Astrophotographic Catalogue, the, 351

Astrophysics : Fluorescence of Sodium and Potassium Vapours, and the importance of these Facts in Astrophysics, Dr. E. Wiedemann and Dr. G. C. Schmidt, 250; Astrophysical Standards, 328

Athens, the Rainfall of, M. Mascart, 108

Atmosphere, Physical Phenomena of the High Regions of the, Prof. A. Cornu, F.R.S., 5

Atmospheric Electricity, Prof. Arthur Schuster, F.R.S., 207

Atmospheric and Oceanic Currents, the Influence of, upon Terrestrial Latitudes, Prof. Simon Newcomb, F.R.S., 618

Atomic Theory : a New View of the Origin of Dalton’s, H. E. Roscoe and Arthur Harden, 555; La Théorie Atomique and la Théorie Dualistique, E. Lenoble, 55

Atwater (Prof.), Experiments on Nutritive and Caloric Value of Food, 543

Audibility of Fog Signals at Sea, on the, F. E. Fowle, 6

Auric’s (M.) Suggested Alterations of Gregorian Leap Year Rule, M. Flamant, 263

Aurora: Brilliant, 35; J. Shaw, 59; at Waterford, Dr. M. F. O'Reilly, 437 ; a Bright, Lloyd Bozward, 444 ; of March 4, Prof. Grenville A, J. Cole, 461 ; Sun Columns at Night, Prof. Bohuslav Brauner, 486; Experiment for Rontgen Effects with Auroral Light, D. S. Monro, 518

Austin (Dr. L. W.), Exercises in Physical Measurement, 436

Australia: Australian Entomophytes, A. S. Olliff, 90; Evi- dence of Glacial Action in Permo-Carboniferous Time in Australia, Prof. T. W. E. David, 383; Australian Longi- tudes, Pietro Baracchi, 424 ; Extreme Heat in, Mr. Russell, 526

Austrian Red Sea Expedition, the, Dr. J. Hann, 134

Aymonnet (M.), Position in Solar Spectrum of Calorific Maxi- mum, 239

Babes (V.), Serotheraphy of Tuberculosis, 264

Bacteriology : Fermentation caused by Friedlander’s Pneumo- bacillus, L. Grimbert, 71 ; the Measle-microbe, Dr. Joseph Czajkowski, 89 ; Milk, its Nature and Composition, Cc. M. Aikman, IOI ; Bacteria in Milk, Drs. Stewart and Young, 599; Death of Dr. A. J. Woiton, 133; the Uncertainty of Elaboration of Diphtheria-Toxin, Prof. Spronck, 135 ; Report on the Use of Antitoxin in Diphtheria, 524; Oysters and Typhoid Bacilli, Charles Foote, 226; Oysters and Typhoid, 280; History of the Cholera Controversy, Sir George Johnson, F.R.S., 294; Effect of Cultivation with other Microbes on Cholera Bacillus, M. Maschevsky, 374; Virulence of Cholera Cultures dependent on Number of Bacilli present, Messrs. Gotschlich and Weigang, 494; New Method of Cholera Diagnosis, Prof. Pfeifferand Dr. Vagedes, 544; the Hygienic Aspects of Burial, Dr. Lésener, 327 ; Action of High Frequency Currents on Bacterial Toxines, MM. d’Arsonval and Charrin, 383; the Flax-Retting Bacillus, Prof. Winogradsky, 400; Pathogenic Yeasts, Dr. Rabino- witsch, 446 ; the Soja Organism (Aspergillus Wentit), Dr. ce Wehmer, 564; the Swine Fever Microbe, 518 ; the Tsetse- Fly Disease, Walter F. H. Blandford, 566 ; Bacteriosis of Carnations, Messrs. Arthur and Bolley, 5853 " Rhizobacterium

Vill

L[ndex

fine to Nature June 11, 1896

‘aponicum, Dr, O. Kirchner, 598; Influence of Induced Currents on Living Bacteria, L. Lortet, 624

‘Bagard (H.), Hall’s Phenomenon in Liquids, 288

Bailey (L. H.), Plant-breeding: being Five Lectures upon the Amelioration of Domestic Plants, 363

Bailey (Prof. S. I.), Diurnal Oscillation of Atmospheric Pressure at Arequipa Observatory, 493

Baker (A. L.), Algebraic Symbols, 382

Bakker (Dr. G.), the Pressure of a Saturated Vapour as an Ex- plicit Function of the sper 79

Ball (Sir Robert S., F.R.S.), Great Astronomers, 29; the Cause of an Ice Age, 220, 388; Sir Robert S. Ball, F.R.S., and the Cause of an Ice Age, Sir Henry H. Howorth, F.R.S., 29; Dr. Ball’s Two Letters on the Ice Age, Sir Henry H. Howorth, F.R.S., 460

Ball (W. W. Rouse), a Primer of the History of Mathematics, 121

Ballistics ; Method of Measuring Velocity of Projectiles, Prof. Neesen, 336

Balloon Ascents, Summary of Results of Forty-seven German, Dr, Assmann, 136

Balloon’ Voyages from the Meteorological Point of View, Prof. von Bezold, 503

Balloons, Geographical Use of, A. Berson, 446

Baracchi (Pietro), Australian Longitudes, 424

Baratta (Dr. M.), the Florentine Earthquake, 278 ; Velocity of Brescian Earthquake Wave of November 27, 1894, 564

Barber (C. A.), the Origin of Plant Structures by Self-adapta- tion to the Environment, Rev. G. Henslow, 145

Barbier (P.), Rhodinol, 503

Barisal Guns, Colonel H. S. Olcott, 130; Dr. G. F. Grant,

~ 1973 G. B. Scott, 197; Colonel H..H. Godwin-Austen, F.R.S., 247; J. D. La Touche, 248; C. Tomlinson, F.R.S., 295; Hy. Harris, 295; R. Lloyd Praeger, 296; D. J. Scourfield, 296; W. G. Brown, 296 ; Charles H. Robinson,

487

Barlow (William), the Symmetrical Partitioning of Homogeneous Structures, 191

Barnard (Prof.), the New Merope Nebula, 62; Celestial Photo- graphy by Simple Means, 229 ; Hind’s Variable Nebula, 255 ; Holmes’ Comet, 329; the Dimensions of Saturn, 424; the

Surface of Mars, 424; the Fifth Satellite of Jupiter, 495 ;.

Uranus and its Satellites, 587

Barnes (C. L.), Geology, 460

Barnet (R. E.), Phosphoric Anhydride and Metaphosphoric Acid, 406

Barometers, Mechanical Device for performing Temperature Corrections of, Dr. John Shield, 167

Barrett (James W.), an Excellent View of the Retinal Circula- tion, 510

Barrows (Prof. D. B.), the Common Crow a Farmer’s Friend, 88

Bars and Wires of Magnetic Material, Changes of Length in, due to Magnetisation, C. Chree, 2 269

Barton (Dr. E. H.), Graphic Method of determining Focal Lengths of Lenses and Mirrors, 254; Temperature Variation of Magnetic Permeability of Magnetite, 383

Barus (Carl), the Counter-twisted Curl Aneroid, 452

Basilewski (M.), Experiments with Rontgen Rays, 528

Basset (A. B., F.R.S.), the Theory of Magnetic Action upon Light, 130; MacCullagh’s Theory of Double Refraction, 55

Bastian (A.), Ethnische Elementargedanken in der Lehre vom Menschen, 291

Bather (F. A.), the Colours of Mother-o’-Pearl, 6, 174

Bats in Captivity, J. D. Batten, 135

Batten (J. D.), Bats in Captivity, 135

Baur (Dr.) and the Galapagos, W. Botting Hemsley, F. R. Sg 78

Bauschinger (Dr.), Search Ephemeris for Comet 1889 V, 520

Baxandall (G. A.), Practical, Plane, and Solid Geometry, 267

Baye (Baron de), Age of Metals in Ukraine, 213

Bayrac {M.), Absorption of Light by Solutions of Indophenols,

335

Beaulard (F.), the Refraction of the Réntgen Rays, 551

Bebber (Dr. W. J. van), Climate and Disease, 421

Becker (G. F.), Southern Appalachian Gold-Fields, 227

Becquerel (H.), Photography by Phosphorescent Rays, 431 ; Invisible Radiation emitted by Phosphorescent Bodies, 445, 455; New Properties of Invisible Radiations of Phosphor- escent Bodies, 4805; the Invisible Radiations from Uranium Salts, 527, 551

* Biology : Biological Value of Inflammatory Fes gr Ww.

Birds:

+ Flight of Birds across the Moon’s Disc, Robert. H. West, - 131; a Glossary of Greek Birds, D’Ar We ‘Thompson, W. Warde Fowler, 292; the Seebohm Collection,. Dr.’ R.

Beddard (F. E., F.R.S.), a Monograph of the pe Oligocheeta, 743 the Former Northward Extension of Antarctic Continent, 129 rm

Beddoe (Dr. John, F.R.S.), Anthropometric Research in In

37 E Beeldsnyder’s Map (1575) of North Holland, M. van Diesen. Bees: Ammoniated Tincture of Quinine as Antidote for A

Stings, 88; Early Swarm of, A. Page, 510 ; Belgique, Bulletin de V’Académie Royale de, 70, 309 , Wy Bell, a Lecture Experiment on the Nodes of a,. ‘G.Osbom :

223; R. L. Taylor, 272; H. G. Williams, 367 Bell (Mrs. Arthur), Mammals of Land and Sea, 244 Bell (James), Submarine Telegraphy and other Papers, 1 Bell (Sir Robert), Discovery of Large River in Canada, 61 aie? olsky (Dr. ), Equatorial Velocity of Jupiter, 2607 Ori of

ephei, 448 ; the Absolute Velocity of 61 Cygni Vir hee (Dr. w. van), Lines of Equal. Secular Variation of

Magnetic Declination for period 1540-1880, 359 Benda (Dr.), the megeperation of Blood- -Corpusces i in ans |

Bout Gold found in, 160 a. oe Rife! Benham (W. B.), a Monograph of the Order of Oligocheta, F, E. ce F.R.S., 74; Male of Apusy-479 544 iar eoree ctngulatus, 4 ; Benjamin ( pie the Intellectual Rise in Electricity,,601 Bennett (Alfred W.), Inverted Images, 414 p Benoist (L.), the Rontgen Rays, 349; Electric Prigutics oft 4 Réntgen Rays, 399; Action of X-Rays on eineeriven agama

551 Beresford (Lord Charles), Watertight Doors, 520 - Bergen (J. Y.), Elements of Botany, 460. Berlin: Berlin Meteorological Society, 72, 215, 288, 359, 503, 5753 Berlin Physiological Society, 119, 215, 336, 407, 503, 576; Berlin Physical Society, 120, 216, 312 - 384, 503, 600 ; the International Geodetic Congress at |, 306; an Exhibition of Astronomical Photographs at, F. S. Archenhold, 6

505

Bernard (J.), Rapid Method of Estimating Annie 407

Berson (A.), Geographical Use of Balloons, 446°

Bertin-Sans (H.), Experiments with Réntgen Rays, 528

Bertrand (G.), Pectase in Plants, 96; the RERERR Se Pre- paration of Sorbose, 624

Bertrand (Marcel), Structure of Mount Joly, 383

Besangon (G.), Minimum Temperature at ineighe of 8h miles,

600 :

Besson (A.), Action of Carbonyl Chloride on ‘Hydrogen Sas pounds, 311; Bromide and Chlorobromide of Thionyl, 384 ; Isolation of Phosphoryl Chlorobromide, POCIBr,, 565 ; Action of Hydrobromide and Hydriodic Acids on Ehosphory! Trichloride, 575 ~

Bezold (Prof. von), Balloon Voyages from the Meteorological Point of View, 503

Bidder (Geo.), Collar-cells of Heteroccela, 212.

‘Biedermann (Prof. W.), Elektro- physiologie, 457

Bigourdan (G.), a Brilliant Meteor, 192

Billings (Dr. J. S.), Organic Matter in Ex

Hoe (New South Wales) Diamond Finds c., ies Giepict;

17 Bio-Chemical. Laboratory, Handbook for the, Prof. John A. Mandel, 579

Woronine, 24; a Biologist as Metaphysi 2; Studies from the Biological Laboratories of the wate ze, 149 5 Marsupial with an Allantoic Placenta, Prof. G. _B. Howes, 270; Oysters and Typhoid, 280; Rowing applied. Royer. S. Ahlborn, 327; Practical Studies i in Fermentation, Prof. Emil Chr. Hansen, 530; Marine Biology, a Neritic Group of Irish Sea Deposits, Prof. Herdman, 305 ; Work d I Erin, 305 ; Development of Asierina gtbbosa, E. 3345 the Plymouth Laboratory, 610 Ve the Structure and Life of Birds, ee ble Headley, 33a

Bowdler Sharpe, 369 ; Natural History Museum Bird Gallery,

461; the Life of Joseph Wolf, A. H. Palmer, 559 ' Black Body, a perfectly, W. Wien and O. Lummer, 136 a Hk Light, Le Bon’s, merely a False Light, Mr. Atchepholz, *

Blandford (W. F. H.), the Cambridge Natural Hlistorys 3225

oy to Nature, ze 11, 1896

Lndex

ix

ion of Eye caused by Hair of Lastocampa rubi 6 ; the Tsetse Fly Disease, 566 . W. T., F.R.S.), Curious Aerial, or Subterranean

iis . L.), Radiographs by Fluorescent Screens, 557 M.), Land-Fossils bearing Stratum near Liverdun, 311 (M.), Passage of Réntgen Rays through Liquids, 455 ; ments with Réntgen Rays, 528 mn (Dr. Freidrich), Die Mikroskopische Thierwelt des sen ae Ga 4

a |

Velocity of Propagation of Electro-magnetic ‘Dis- along Wire, 611

erhood, T. L. Patterson, 604

(Lord), Experiments with Réntgen Rays, 522; the

=e ns), ‘New Method of Silvering Mirrors, 107

noff (Pro: iE yas tee ehh Notice of, 584

u’s Recent Explorations amongst Native Tribes of the raguay River, Prof. Henry H. Giglioli, 545

n Indiana; H. A. Huston, 545

, Chemical Measurement of Feed Water, &c.,

meyer, 521; Circulation in Water-tube Boilers,

H. Watkinson, 521

(Lecoq de), a Probably New-Element in Terbium TS geese

Societa Botanica Italiana, 166, 334

Societa Seismologica Italiana, 213, 357; 405,

Bacteriosis of Senieoe: 585)

|, the Sun’s Path in Space, 280:

), Union of Carbon and Hydrogen, 500 rof. T, G., F.R.S.), the Hornblende Schists of Lizard , 70; Ice-Work Presentand Past, 433 ; Alpine Nickel- pentine with Fulgurites, 527; Life, Letters, and

ouis Agassiz, Jules Marcou, 529

Influence Splenda lginc: Vegetation, 179;

uced in Leaves, 3

Voyage in the Avfarctic, A. W. Greely, 232 ‘xperiments with Réntgen Rays, 480

. J.), Electric Properties of Réntgen Rays, 399

whey Investigation of, Dr. H. Hallier,

f.), Lake Plants of Valdai Plateau, 587 sibrary, the, T. R. Sullivan, 232 P.), rted Harmony and Time-keeping on

tydids, I

: New African Rubber-yielding Tree, 13 ; Observations en-Mothe: of Lilium Longiflorum, H. H. Dixon, he Spot-Dis of Orchids, G. Massee, 14; Cactacez

Islands, W. Botting Hemsley, F.R.S., 31, Alexar yt, 199; Dr. Baur and the Gala- Botting Hemsley, F.R.S., 78 ; Action of Alkaloids . Plants in Dark and in Light, A. Marcacci, 46 ; Nuovo ‘iornale Botanico Italiano, 46, 166, 334; a Jamaica Drift- ruit, Dr. D. Morris, 64; Linnean Society, 71, 191, 214, 263,

500, 550, 599; New South Wales Linnean Societ 5043 Entomegenous Fungi, R. H. Pettit, go, A. : et

90, ‘of Dr. F. P. Porcher, 133; the Origin of

Structures by Self-Adaptation to the Environment, . Henslow, 145, C. A. Barber, 145; Origin of Plant , Rev. Geo. Henslow, 271 ; Bollettino della Sociéta tanico Italiana, 166, 334 ; Flore de I’ Ile de la Réunion [Bour- on], E. Jacob de Cordemoy, W. Botting Hemsley, F.R.S.,170; ie Coronal Rays of Passion-flowers, John H. Wilson, 173; nfluence of Electric Light on Vegetation, M. Bonnier, 179: ifiuence of Electricity on Vegetation, Prof. A. Aloi, 179; eserve e of Likacee ay ote E. iy 723 ournal of Botany, 190, 357, 598; Bonnemaisonia haméfera

ga), T. H. Buffham, 191; Single-Seed Development in nuts, Dr. D. Morris, 191 ; Assimilatory Inhibition, A. ut, 191 3 Aspergillus age E. Sorel, 192; the Grey propinqua), 1. Deane and J. H. Maiden, 192; the re and Development of the Mosses and

erns,” Prof. olor ties 194 3 Death of —e are er, 203 ; ology o e-producing Members,

oF Bower, F.RS, A1ZS hee Butish Bromus, G. C. ruce, 214; a Manual of Botany, Prof. J. Reynolds Green, *.R.S.,; 219; New Species of Mucor and Trichoderma, J.

Sellulo

Ray, 264; Original Mode of Multiplication, Non-Sexual. Prof. G. Klebs, 279; Protobasidiomyceten, Alfred Mdller, Geo. Massee, 314; Botany of Yakutat Bay, Alaska, F. V, Coville, 327 ; Tree-Temperatures, R. W. Squires, 327 ; Dry and Moist Potato-Cancer, A. Pizzigoni, 334; Effect of 1895 Frost on Kew. Gardens, 350; Plant-Breeding: being Five Lectures upon the Amelioration of Domestic Plants, L. H. Bailey, Dr. Maxwell J. Masters, F.R.S., 363; Sugars Pro- duced in Leaves, G. Bonnier, 384; Lessons in Elementary Botany for Secondary Schools, Thomas H. Macbride, 388; Vegetable Culture, Alexander Dean, 388; the Age of the Present Canadian Flora, A. T. Drummond, 391 ; the Destruc- tion of Trees by Lightning; D., 393 ; Middle Ural Ferns, P. W. Ssiisew, 405 ; Fungi of Smolensk, A. A. Jaczewski, 405 ; Polystelic Palm-roots, Dr. D. H. Scott, 406; Effect of African Grass-fires on Vegetation, Mr. Scott-Elliot, 444; a Collection of Plants from New Britain, I. H. Burkill, 455; the Culture of Divided and Re-divided Prothalli of Scolopendrium vulgare, E. J. Lowe, F.R.S., 454; Effect of Currents on Assimilation of Water-plants, F. Darwin and D. F. M. Pertz, 455; Ele- ments of Botany, J. Y. Bergen, 460; Death of M. A. Lawson, 470; Presence of Natural Sugar in Tobacco, 473; Botanical Investigation of Central Borneo, Dr. H. Hallier, 494; Flora of Zerafshan, M. Komaroff, 496; Botanical Gazette, 498 ; Undescribed Structure in certain Plant-leaves, A. G. Hamil- ton, 504; a Jamaica |Drift-Fruit, Dr. D. Morris, 64; J. H. Hart, 534; Influence of Glacial Epoch on British Flora, H. D. Geldart, 543; Effect of Formic Acid on Germination, M. Ragonneau, Mr. Moggridge, 544; Structure of Flower and Fruit of Sararanga, Dr. O. Stapf, 551; Melocacti from St. Martin’s Island, Prof, Suringar, 552; Death and Obituary Notice of H. C. Levinge, 583; Bacteriosis of Carnations, Messrs. Arthur and Bolley, 585; Lake-Plants of Valdai Plateau, Prof. Borodin, 587 ; Cohn’s Beitrige zur Biologie der Pflanzen, 598 ; Root-Tubercles of Soja Bean, Dr. O. Kirchner, 8

59 Bottomley (Dr. J. T., F.R.S.), on R6ntgen’s Rays, 268 Bouchardat (G.), Composition of Russian Essence of Aniseed, 80

4

Bouilhac (Raoul), Possible Reclamation of Dordogne Heath- lands by Lime Phosphatic Manure, 48

Bourbon, the Flora of, E. Jacob de Cordemoy, W. Botting Hemsley, F.R.S., 170

Bourquelot (Em. ), Properties of Emulsion from Mushrooms, 71

Bouty (E.), Sensitive Flames, 407

Bouty (M.), Cours de Physique de I’Ecole Polytechnique, 604

Bovey (Prof. Henry T.), a Treatise on Hydraulics, 267

Bower (F. O., F.R.S.), Morphology of Spore-producing Members, 213

Bozward (J. Lloyd), a Remarkable Daylight Meteor, 54; a Luminous Centipede, 223 ; Zestacella haltotidea, 510

Brain, the Growth of the, a Study of the Nervous System in Relation to Education, H. H. Donaldson, F. A. Welby, 98

Branch (C. W.), Carib Pottery, 580

Brandis (Dietrich, F.R.S.), the Management and Protection of Forests, 510, 535

Brauner (Prof. Bohuslav), Sun Columns at Night, 486

Brazil, a New Human Skull of a Low Type from, Prof. A. Nehring, Prof. A. C. Haddon, 548

Brester (Dr. A.), Variability of Red Stars, 38, 248

Brewer (Prof. W. H.), Arctic Fogs in Relation to Dust, 309

Bridges (Robert), Slow Lightning, 31

Brierley (Harwood), the Yorkshire Gypsey-Springs, 177; a Yorkshire Aerolite, 230

Briggs (H. Mead), by Tangled Paths, 486

Briggs (L. J.), Observations on Réntgen Rays, 573

Bright Meteor of April 12, the, Worthington G. Smith, 605

Brinton (Dr. D. G.), the Use of the Cranio-facial Line, 502

Britain, the Pterophorina of, J. W. Tutt, 196

British and European Butterflies and Moths, A. W. Kappel, 26

British Guiana Boundary, the Venezuela and, Dr. Hugh Robert Mill, 200

British Guiana and its Resources, 244

British Islands, the Hymenoptera Aculeata of the, Edward Saunders, 532

British Moths, J. W. Tutt, 486

British Museum, the Seebohm Collection in the, Dr. R. Bowdler Sharpe, 369; Catalogue of the Mesozoic Plants in the Department of Geology, British Museum, A. C. Seward,

Xe Index

Supplement to Natiiré, q une 11, 1896

531 ; Catalogue of the Fossil Fishes in the British Museum, A. Smith Woodward, 531

British Upper Classes, the Ethnology of the, R. J. Horton- Smith, 256

Brochet (André), Action of Chlorine on Normal Propyl Alcohol, 48; Action of Halogens on Formaldehydes, 239 ; Production of Pure Gaseous Formic Aldehyde, 336

Broeck (Ernest Van den), Curious Aerial or Subterranean Sounds, 30

Brook-Fox (F. G.), the Metric System, 222

Brooks (Mr.), a New Comet discovered by, 90

Brooks, Comet, 162; Comet Brooks, 1895, 180

Brown (Prof. A. P.), Distribution of Iron Oxide Colouring in Anthracite Rocks, 576

Brown (W. G.), Barisal Guns and Similar Sounds, 296

Brunn (Prof. A. von), Death of, 203

nye (Lobry de), Free Hydrazine, 328; Hydrazine Hydrate,

Bruyne (G, de), Attraction Sphere in Fixed Cells of Conjunctive Tissue, 70

Bryan (Dr. G. H., F.R.S.), the Critical Temperature of Hydrogen, 223; Flight and Flying Machines, 420

Buchan (Dr.), the September High Temperatures and Ben Nevis Observatories, 335

Buchanan (J. Y., F.R.S.), the Sperm Whale and its Food, 223

Buckton (G. B., F.R.S.), the Natural History of Zréstalis zenax, or the Drone Fly, 172

Budge (E. A. Wallis), First Steps in Egyptian: a Book for Beginners, 26 ; the vite and Exploits of Alexander the Great,

483 Buffham (T. H.), Borxnematsonia hamzfera (Alga), 191 Buguet (A.), Effect of Réntgen Rays on Diamond and Jet, 431 Burch (G. J.), Calibration of Capillary Electrometer, 167; the Retinal Circulation, 558 Burial, the Hygienic Aspects of, Dr. Lésener, 327 Buried Celluloid, Prof. George Forbes, F.R.S., 579 Burkill (I. H.), a Collection of Plants from New Britain, 455 seein Descriptive Catalogue of the Spiders of, Dr. T. Thorell,

bee St. Edmunds Human Skull Fragment, Worthington G. Smith, 173

Butterflies: a Handbook of British Lepidoptera, Edward Meyrick, 265 ; British and European Butterflies and Moths, A... W: Kappel, 265; Die Artbildung und Verwandschaft bei den Schmetterlingen, Dr. G. H. Theodor Eimen, 265; Butterflies and Hybernation, Dan Pidgeon, 510; Butterflies under Artificial Conditions, the Development of, 540; our Country’s Butterflies and Moths, W. J. Gordon, 579

Bulletin de Académie Royale de Belgique, 70, 309

Bulletin of American Mathematical Society, 69, 238, 357, 498,

549 Bulletin of Mathematical Society, 382 Bulletin de la Société des Naturalistes de Moscou, 94, 405

Cactaceze